Posts tagged with "technology"

The Rise of Mobile Slot Games

Slot games have held the attention of gamblers for decades. This is thanks to the exciting experience that they provide. Today, it has become possible to access these games anywhere and at any time. All thanks to the rise of the smartphone.

Mobile phones give you the chance to take your favourite games with you everywhere you go. Companies are now making new games in the form of apps. They have also been making changes to their websites with mobile users in mind. This has made Thor Slots mobile slot games more popular than ever.

The convenience of mobile slots

Convenience is one of the main reasons for this popularity. It has become easy to add funds using your mobile. This makes the whole process run a lot smoother and benefits the user.  Services such as Apple Pay and Google Pay are also becoming more popular. This means that it’s simpler than ever to place a bet on the move. All it takes is the touch of a button for the money to be in your account and ready to go.

Also, mobile slot games are now very intuitive.  Gone are the run of the mill machines that you’d find in a casino. Today, games will make use of your phone’s touchscreen, meaning that they’ve never been simpler to play. This also means slots can include various features and mini-games.

Easy access to online slots 

The increased availability of free Wi-Fi has also been an important factor. As has the increased speed and reliability of mobile data.  It’s no longer a struggle to access the internet when you’re not at home, so people are playing everywhere they go. Anytime they’re bored, they can load up their favourite slots and play to their heart’s content.

People who have never even set foot in a casino have been drawn to mobile slot games as a result of this convenience. At their core, these games are nothing but a fun way to pass the time. In that way, they’re just like any other smartphone app on the market. But they come with the added excitement of winning some real cash.

Some companies have even chosen to provide special bonuses to mobile users. This encourages them to use the platform.  Companies today are investing a lot of money to make sure their mobile games are as good as they can be. So, it makes sense that they’d provide users with some extra incentive to play.

In summary, the mobile platform provides users with some important benefits. Better games, improved convenience and the chance to win no matter where they are or what they’re doing. It is without a doubt the quickest and easiest way to enjoy your favourite slots.

It also makes it easier to discover new, mobile-exclusive games. These can provide features that traditional slots can’t offer and will entice users. All these factors benefit the players. So, as a result, they have flocked to mobile slot games. And just like everything mobile, they have only risen in popularity as time has gone on.

London Deign Festival, 360 MAGAZINE, Kengo Kuma

Integrating Art & Technology as 2019 London Design Festival Showcases Innovative Design Power

Based on the mutual recognition of design philosophy and aesthetics, OPPO has teamed up with the acclaimed Japanese architect Kengo Kuma, to present a large outdoor installation ‘Bamboo (竹) Ring: Weaving into Lightness’, which is installed in the John Madejski Garden at the V&A Museum for the duration of London Design Festival (14th – 22nd September). OPPO will be the only Asian technology brand to partner on a large outdoor installation at the V&A during London Design Festival 2019. 

Kengo Kuma said: 

“Working on this project with OPPO has been a very interesting experience. OPPO London Design Centre share a mutual interest and passion for the exploration of the integration of technology and natural materials. Using both bamboo and carbon fibre in the installation allows us to create an installation that fits into the landscape around it. OPPO likes to push the boundaries in innovative design to allow users to enjoy the beauty of technology, and this is how I create my work; the constant exploration of new materials, forms and environments. ‘Bamboo (竹) Ring: Weaving into Lightness’ is an adventurous exploration of this topic.” 

Jintong Zhu, Head of OPPO London Design Centre, added: 

“We are very excited about our co-creation with the incredible Kengo Kuma. For OPPO London Design Centre, one of the focuses is to explore the future of design and technology, and how we can create technology that adds value to our day to day life. We hope that this installation helps to capture people’s imagination and promote our enthusiasm for cutting-edge design to develop new technology.” 

Using pioneering technology and futuristic design, OPPO also introduces innovative creativity through an immersive experience called ‘Essence of Discovery’[1] that is located on Baker Street, London. The installation showcases the possibilities of achieving a more harmonious relationship between humans and technology, and explores the science of crafting products that blend beauty, intelligence and material tactility. Through the experimental design, OPPO London Design Centre will continue the exploration into new product areas, lifestyle trends and experiences, outside of their work with smartphones. 

Jintong Zhu said: 

“The installation, ‘Essence of Discovery’ is inspired by our research on the boundaries in product design and we hope that people enjoy interacting with our experience and take away a greater understanding of our design philosophy. As a new hub for OPPO in the field of design and art, the aim for OPPO London Design Centre is to explore the integration of technology and art through in-depth research on global aesthetics of design. We believe the London Design Festival is a perfect platform to introduce our design power to the world, and we will continue to provide cutting-edge information for OPPO design.” 

The ‘Essence of Discovery’ installation can be viewed at 35 Baker Street throughout London Design Festival, from 14th – 22nd September. 

‘Bamboo (竹) Ring: Weaving into Lightness’ is located at V&A in the John Madejski Garden and is open from 14th – 22nd September.

Watch.

Two MIT Sloan MBAs launch new startup

Two MIT Sloan MBAs will launch a new startup called Season Three this fall. The only direct-to-consumer company focused on the fashion lifestyle space in the accelerator, Adam Klein, MBA ’19, and Jared Johnson, MBA ’20, will offer a product line featuring all-weather Merino wool lined boots engineered at MIT.

“Our product fits an open space within the shoe industry that existing shoes have failed to fulfill. The boots are designed for all humans – they are unisex – making style and comfort accessible to everyone. They encourage the exploration of your surroundings, without sacrificing professionalism,” says Klein.

Johnson says, “The resources, support, and mentorship provided at MIT Sloan were invaluable. They helped us go from nothing to something.”

Meeting in MIT Sloan’s MBA Program, the team combined Johnson’s passion for fashion as well as design experience with Klein’s entrepreneurial, finance and legal experience to create an outdoors brand that they describe as a “marriage of fashion, comfort, and functionality.”

The idea began with a personal need, explains Johnson. “We were walking in Boston on a snowy, cold winter day in big chunky boots. We talked about how boots could be designed better not only in terms of style, but also thermal stability. We wanted to create a comfortable boot that anyone could wear to the office and then move throughout the city during the day and to events after work. Out of that came Season Three.”

Klein adds, “Jared brings a tremendous knowledge of footwear to this venture. Before MIT, he pursued design with the goal of working in the fashion and footwear sector.”

At MIT, they began working on the idea through the MITdesignX program in MIT’s School of Architecture and Planning and received support from the MIT Sandbox Innovation Fund. They also received support and mentorship from the Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship as well as feedback from faculty, alumni, and classmates. Through classes, they refined their business plan and marketing strategy.

The cofounders designed the boot at MIT with their “Threedom footbed,” which provides shock absorbing qualities for comfort as well as greater absorption of moisture. The boot is temperature controlled by a combination of merino wool and weather-proof leathers.

“No other product caters to the new lifestyle of the ‘WeWork Generation,’ where someone working 60 hours a week needs fashion to seamlessly flow between professional environments, drinks with friends, and side hustles in between. As a unisex brand, we recognize an eagerness within all humans,” says Johnson. “We believe our boots are a product that advocates for collective unity.”

The founders will participate in the delta v program Demo Day presentations at MIT, New York City, and San Francisco in September. They plan to officially launch their online store in November. The boots will be their initial product and retail at $345.

“We’ve received a lot of interest because the boots were designed at MIT and we occupy a unique position in the fashion lifestyle space. We are taking everything we learned in school to build this company, and we look forward to our launch this fall,” says Jared.

The MIT Sloan School of Management is where smart, independent leaders come together to solve problems, create new organizations, and improve the world. Learn more at mitsloan.mit.edu.

MIT Sloan School of Management, Office of Media Relations 1 Main Street, Cambridge, MA 02142 United States

Lexus ES, Vaughn Lowery, 360 MAGAZINE, NYC, rooftop

Benefits of SIP Termination Systems

Today, businesses cannot survive without efficient communication with partners and clients. In the digital age, landline systems of the past have become largely obsolete. You may often hear of VoIP and SIP as two major tech phenomena facilitating calls over the web, often for free.

Voice over IP is a well-known technology for Internet-based calling.
We all know that Skype users can call and see each other, and instant messengers offer similar features free of charge. When two people are online, they can talk freely. But what if you need to reach a cell phone number from an Internet-connected device? This is where SIP termination comes into play. If you choose your provider correctly, the benefits will be tangible.

The Term

The abbreviation stands for session initiation protocol, and termination refers to outbound calling. This option enables outgoing calls from Internet-based telephone systems to regular ones, whether cellular, or PSTN (public switched telephone network).

This way, you can make voice calls from your IP-based device (VoIP) to external phone networks anywhere on the planet. This outgoing call option is opposite to SIP origination, which refers to incoming calls to VoIP devices. A special number, referred to as either DID or DDI, will be assigned, and it is suitable for anyone who calls you, whether using a cell phone or PTSN.

When such a call is received, it is directed to your SIP user or IP address and can be answered from a VoIP/SIP device.


Advantages to Consider

1. Cost-cutting

The first obvious advantage of using the service is saving on communication costs, which are often significant, especially for international calls. You will be able to contact your partners, both locally and overseas, at a reduced cost.
For example, if you are based in the USA, but communicate with partners in Asia, they may call you on your DID number, which will cost them less. Meanwhile, you will be receiving calls in your American office via IP technology. You may be offered an unlimited number of channels that can be active at the same time, with payment per minute.

Tariffs generally depend on the following factors:


● the provider,
● the number of active lines (unless unlimited),
● the destination country,
● the city,
● the receiver’s mobile operator.

2. Format Diversity

SIP termination will make possible not only voice calls. The service may include extra features, such as video conferencing, instant messaging, streaming media, and even online games.

3. Expanded Reach and Flexibility

There are clear benefits for any company, regardless of type or size. SIP termination offers a market opportunity that should not be overlooked. Multinationals, airports, banks, and hotels are embracing the technology.

Overall, SIP systems are becoming increasingly widespread, and for a good reason. They help companies of any size and sector to streamline communication with partners and customers. SIP enables effortless communication between regular phones and IP-based devices with no geographical constraints.

Lexus ES, Vaughn Lowery, 360 MAGAZINE, Seabrite Beach, NJ

Lexus ES 350 F Sport

By Flore Chaumont × Vaughn Lowery

Lexus just released their new ES 350 and it’s now available in over 90 countries. The entire skeleton and skin of the previous Lexus ES has been redefined to attract a broader audience – scoot over empty nesters. Coupled with its F Sport package, the new Lexus ES is destined to attract a much more youthful and active generation. So, we decided to take it on an impromptu road trip from Manhattan to Maryland and all the hot spots in between during this summer’s blistering heat wave.

Koichi Suga, General Manager of Lexus Design Division, describes it as the most aggressive change for the emblematic ES. And indeed it is, the car now comes across as being more boisterous and bold. From the outside, the car has distinctive features which are unique to the F Sport trim. The 19-inch five-spoke alloy wheels, the dual integrated exhaust outlet, the F Sport badging as well as the low hoodline and long shoulders really make this car appear track ready. The inside reveals the same vibe, with aluminum pedals, Hadori sword wave-patterned aluminum appointments, red double stitching and red race-inspired interior seats. The 3.5L V6 24 Valve DOHC engine produces 302 hp and 287 lb-ft torque. Although it’s front-wheel drive, engineers managed to capture the emotional response of driving a rear-wheel drive vehicle. And, with 25 mpg (combined city/hwy), you can spend more time driving and less time at the pump.

Lexus has been traditionally known for the quietness of their ride. With active noise deadening technology and sound insulating wheels (which absorbs impact and vibration on the tires), the car is extremely silent, even while in sports mode. However, for the diehard car enthusiasts, there’s a setting to amplify exhaust notes. Overall, the drive is orgasmic; and one can easily cruise in it for long periods of time, feeling comfortable and pampered with ventilated heat/cool front seats. We practically lived inside the cabin when temperatures reached over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Moreover, this year’s extra two inches of wheelbase allows backseat passengers to have additional legroom.

At $44,635, one would expect a manufacturer to sacrifice quality during the fabrication process. Contrary to one’s expectations, most materials used feel supple and soft, from the steering wheel to the dashboard. There are also three different types of woods incorporated in the overall interior design, including a matt bamboo finish, a nod to Japanese culture and heritage. An apparent step forward from its predecessor which was full of peeling plastics.

In addition, the car is well-equipped with innovative technology. The ES features a an animated gage cluster, a trackpad with tactile sensors as well as a sleeker instrument board. Tech savy drivers will be pleased to pair it with Apple CarPlay, Siri Eyes Free or Google Voice CTRL. Our favorite is Lexus Enform which is an intuitive system that allows you to speak to a live agent to obtain an address and have it sent directly to your vehicle’s infotainment system. The representatives are accessible 24/7 and help you stay alert if you succumb to driver’s fatigue while on a lengthy trip. This came in handy while we were in traffic or already in route to a location. Not to mention, all the safety technology is standard: blind spot monitoring, adaptive cruise control, automatic emergency braking and lane departure assist.

In short, the all-new 2019 Lexus ES 350 F Sport has a bodacious body that contantly turns heads and a 10-speaker Lexus premium sound system to make them nod.

Experience amazing.

G-SHOCK, 360 MAGAZINE

G-Shock Announces New Models

CASIO G-SHOCK RELEASES ICONIC G-SHOCK TIMEPIECES WITH STAINLESS STEEL BEZEL

Casio G-SHOCK announces the release to their G-Shock 5600 series, the watch that has been revolutionizing personal timekeeping since 1983, with GM-5600 and GM-5600B models. Arriving with an iconic square-faced digital display design with stainless steel bezel achieved through cutting-edge technology, the GM-5600 and GM-5600B features a fine metal texture that represents a legacy of timeless toughness and durability. The watch comes packed with an EL backlight, flash alert and multi-alarm, perfect to keep the wearer on “one’s toes” for any occasion. The GM-5600 and GM-5600B features several of G-SHOCK’s most premium features, including Triple G Resist Technology and Two-Way Time Sync and offer the comfortable fit of a lightweight watch, thanks to the use of resin, which is used for the case and band, giving the watch a look of elegance .

The watch also boasts G-SHOCK technology such as:

  *   200M water resistance and shock resistance

  *   Shock Resistant

  *   EL Blacklight

  *   Flash Alert

  *   1/100” Sec. Stopwatch (24Hr)

  *   Digital Display

  *   Multi Alarm

  *   Countdown Timer (24H4)

  *   12/24 Hr Formats

The GM-5600 and GM-5600B will retail for $200 and be available for purchase beginning in August at select high-end jewelers and online.

G-SHOCK, Neo Tokyo, 360 MAGAZINE

NEO TOKYO

CASIO G-SHOCK INTRODUCES ALL-NEW NEO TOKYO SERIES

Line-Up Includes 4 New Models with All-Black Bezels and Striking Color Accents

Today, Casio G-SHOCK announces the all-new, “Neo Tokyo” series of men’s timepieces. Inspired by the colors of the futuristic metropolises of classic anime films from the 1980’s, the four new watches boast blacked-out bezels with yellow, red, and blue hands as dial accents to represent the city’s lights.

The series is made up of G-SHOCK’s most popular digital and analog-digital models, featuring updated styles from the DW6900, GA140, GA700, and GAS100 line ups.

The GA140BMC-1A boasts a large case design reflective of the new GA140 series, with an updated dial that includes an analog speed indicator sub-dial and LCD displays at both 6 and 12 o’clock. Boasting an extra-large case is the GA700BMC-1A, which comes with a front-facing LED light button and 3D bold hands to provide ease of use from day to night. Arriving in a mid-size digital model, the DW6900BMC-1A comes in one of the original G-SHOCK case shapes and has a built-in multi-function alarm and flash alert.

As the fourth timepiece and part of the Tough Solar GAS100 collection, the GAS100BMC-1A comes with the line’s classic stainless steel bezel, showcasing a simple design that goes well with a wide range of fashion styles. The large case size and double Super LED light provides maximum visibility in low light conditions. A video has been created to showcase the features of the new Neo Tokyo series – watch here: http://bit.ly/NeoToyko.

In addition, the GAS100 timepiece comes equipped with Tough Solar self-charging capabilities, ensuring its longevity.

Each watch in the series also boasts G-SHOCK technology such as:

  • ●  Shock Resistance
  • ●  200M Water Resistance
  • ● Stopwatch
  • ●  Countdown Timer
  • ●  12/24 Hr Time Formats

The DW6900, GA140, and GA700 models retail for $99 each, and the GAS100 model will retail for $150, and will be available for purchase starting this September at select G-SHOCK retailers including Macy’s, G-SHOCK Soho Store, and gshock.com.

About G-SHOCK 

CASIO’s shock-resistant G-SHOCK watch is synonymous with toughness, born from the developer Mr. Ibe’s dream of ‘creating a watch that never breaks’. Over 200 handmade samples were created and tested to destruction until finally in 1983 the first, now iconic G-SHOCK hit the streets of Japan and began to establish itself as ‘the toughest watch of all time’. Each watch encompasses the 7 elements; electric shock resistance, gravity resistance, low temperature resistance, vibration resistance, water resistance, shock resistance and toughness. The watch is packed with Casio innovations and technologies to prevent it from suffering direct shock; this includes internal components protected with urethane and suspended timekeeping modules inside the watch structure. Since its launch, G-SHOCK has continued to evolve, continuing to support on Mr. Ibe’s mantra “never, never give up.” www.gshock.com/home

About Casio America, Inc. 

Casio America, Inc., Dover, N.J., is the U.S. subsidiary of Casio Computer Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, one of the world’s leading manufacturers of consumer electronics and business equipment solutions. Established in 1957, Casio America, Inc. markets calculators, keyboards, mobile presentation devices, disc title and label printers, watches, cash registers and other consumer electronic products. Casio has strived to realize its corporate creed of “creativity and contribution” through the introduction of innovative and imaginative products. For more information, visit www.casiousa.com/home.

2020 Range Rover Evoque AWD

By Camila Isopo × Vaughn Lowery

City-dwellers rejoice! You have another compact vehicle to choose from for all of your summer events. Seating five people, the new 2020 range rover evoque AWD is here to fulfill your driverly needs. Right before this compact SUV hits dealers 360 Magazine had the opportunity to test out its functionality in one of the most dense urban areas in America – Los Angeles, California. With its curb appeal, sexy design edits on the new 2020 model – this car will be one of the top contenders within its market segment.


Price: $56,850

Design: 

The new 2020 Range Rover Evoque comes in nolita grey, seoul pearl silver or yulong metallic paint with a black contrast. There’s a massive pillarless and non-retractable moonroof that adds an element of spaciousness in the interior.  The steering wheel is duotone leather. As for the seats, they are 14-way adjustable and also made of leather. The seats come in ebony or cloud. This model stores up to three preferred seating positions in its memory. Branded tread plates and a trim finish are extra details included in this model. Some signature features that drivers can expect are 20 inch “5079” style wheels with dynamic 5 split spoke and a diamond turned finish that includes the land Rover logo in heart.

Tech:

The new interface and infotainment system is more sleek and dynamic than before. Other technological features included in this model design are: premium LED headlights. A touch pro duo feature allows drivers to view something on one screen while using other media as well.

Performance:

This Range Rover model has a 2.0L turbocharged 4-Cylinder Gas Engine. It also has a 9 speed automatic transmission with black gearshift paddles. Drivers have electric assisted steering as well as terrain response and terrain progress control. Hill descent is another available control feature. The mpg is 20 city/27 highway. This model also has 246 horsepower. The torque is 269 lb-ft. When you drive, this rover leaps forward. 

Safety: 

For the safety of the driver and their passengers, perimetric alarm and incontrol protect are included in this model. Of course, airbags are included both in the front and sides of the car. The tires have a  pressure monitoring system. ISOFIX system is included for child seat safety. Some control features are: traction control, dynamic stability control, and roll stability control. The breaking features are: emergency braking, anti-locking braking, and emergency brake assist. When driving, you have a rearview camera as well as lane keep assist and a driver condition monitoring system. 

With off road capabilities, this will become one of the fastest selling SUVs in its segment. Technology meets luxury with this model. Millenials and empty-nesters would do well to purchase this vehicle.

Build your own.

Range Rover, 360 MAGAZINE, Vaughn Lowery
Range Rover, 360 MAGAZINE, Vaughn Lowery
Range Rover, 360 MAGAZINE, Vaughn Lowery
Range Rover, 360 MAGAZINE, Vaughn Lowery
Vaughn Lowery, 360 MAGAZINE, bronx

Avoiding Cyber Threats on Facebook: A Guide

Facebook’s reputation has certainly taken a hit in recent years, especially on its main account, Facebook. Scandal after scandal have rocked this company, which is why it is more important than ever before that you, whether you are a business or an individual, work hard to dismantle your account so that your online data cannot be used against you.

Threats on Facebook

There are many threats to Facebook. Knowing these threats is key to avoiding them and to reduce the risk of your more personal accounts, like your bank account or even information that can lead to identity theft are not accessible to thieves online.

Use of Personal Information Against You

Public profiles are not Facebook’s fault. It is up to you to share information publicly or privately. By sharing information publicly, however, you run the risk of breaches. Most notably, a hacker could determine the answers to security questions on your accounts, and then work their way into more important accounts through the back door.

In the past, Facebook was a massive company that seemed completely impenetrable. Today it has been fraught with scandals and become a breeding ground for misinformation. In 2018, over 50 million users’ data was hacked into. The year before the Cambridge Analytica scandal proved that firms could pay their way to access private information and even skew election results. According to the NYTimes, this scandal has possibly even led to the deaths of individuals around the world.

Harassment Online

Cyberstalking and harassment are both very serious issues, especially for those who have public information that makes it easy for the cyberstalker to find you in the real world.

How to Avoid These Cyber Threats

To avoid these cyber threats, you will want to:

Set Up Two-Factor Authentication

Two-factor authentication, though not perfect, can stop a general hack.

Create a Unique Password for Facebook

Create unique passwords for every account so that breaches which involve your password being stolen are isolated.

Delete All Unnecessary Information

Go through your profile and old posts and delete all unnecessary information that can be used to correctly enter security questions.

Audit Your Friends List

If you aren’t actually friends with them, unfriend them. You don’t need strangers accessing your personal information.

Use Facebook’s Privacy Settings

Limit who can see your posts and sensitive information. Only your name and profile photo should be visible to a non-friend.

Remove Listing From Google

There is a setting which will remove your profile from Google and other search engines. Use this feature.

If you get harassment via messages, report, block, and do not engage.

Use Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR)

What is EDR? EDR, or Endpoint Detection and Response, is a way to analyze your endpoints. Perfect for companies, this can help ensure that a Facebook login on your server doesn’t inadvertently let hackers into your Cloud account where they can then access your data. With EDR, you will be able to monitor your endpoints and respond to attacks before they become an issue.

You should never use Facebook, as an individual or as a company, without considering the risk and how you can mitigate it. By taking these steps, you can minimize and avoid cyber threats altogether. Continue to audit your accounts and use new security features to reduce the risk associated with putting your data online.

How Conspiracists Dominate YouTube Climate Content

The geoengineering of consent: how conspiracists dominate YouTube climate content

Most YouTube videos relating to climate change prevention oppose scientific consensus and hijack technical terms to appear credible, says study using YouTube to learn about climate science will expose you to video content that mostly opposes worldwide scientific consensus.

That’s the finding of a new study published in Frontiers in Communication, which also reveals that some scientific terms, such as geoengineering, have been ‘hijacked’ by conspiracy theorists so that searches provide entirely non-scientific video content. Scientists could counteract this by forming alliances with influential YouTubers, politicians and those in popular culture, to ensure scientifically accurate video content reaches the widest-possible audience.

“Searching YouTube for climate-science and climate-engineering-related terms finds fewer than half of the videos represent mainstream scientific views,” says study author Dr. Joachim Allgaier, Senior Researcher at the RWTH Aachen University. “It’s alarming to find that the majority of videos propagate conspiracy theories about climate science and technology.”

Nearly 2 billion logged-in users – half the world online – visit YouTube every month, and research has shown that users see it as a platform for learning about science, health and technology.

Climate conspiracists

Allgaier wanted to know if the information YouTube users found, when searching for scientific information on climate change and climate modification, represented scientifically accurate views.

“So far, research has focused on the most-watched videos, checking their scientific accuracy, but this doesn’t tell us what an average internet user will find, as the results are influenced by previous search and watch histories,” reports Allgaier. “To combat this, I used the anonymization tool TOR to avoid personalization of the results.”

Employing ten climate change-related search terms, Allgaier analyzed 200 videos about climate change and climate modification topics. He found that the majority of these videos opposed the worldwide scientific consensus, as detailed by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Most videos propagated the so-called “chemtrails” conspiracy theory, which is a belief that the condensation trails of airplanes are purposefully enriched with harmful substances to modify the weather, control human populations, or for biological or chemical warfare. Scientists have clearly shown there is no evidence for such a large-scale secret atmospheric spraying program.

Geoengineering has been hijacked

Alarmingly, Allgaier found that the conspiracy theorists have ‘hijacked’ some relatively recent scientific terms by using them to describe their worldview of a global conspiracy. In fact, ‘chemtrailers’, as they are known, explicitly advise their followers to use scientific terms in their content, so that they are not immediately identified as conspiracy theorists.

“Within the scientific community, ‘geoengineering’ describes technology with the potential to deal with the serious consequences of climate change, if we don’t manage to reduce greenhouse gases successfully. For example, greenhouse gas removal, solar radiation management or massive forestation to absorb carbon dioxide,” explains Allgaier. “However, people searching for ‘geoengineering’ or ‘climate modification’ on YouTube won’t find any information on these topics in the way they are discussed by scientists and engineers. Instead, searching for these terms results in videos that leave users exposed to entirely non-scientific video content.”

Allgaier also questions YouTube search algorithms – does its business model direct traffic towards videos of dubious scientific content? He found some of the conspiracy videos being monetized by the users via adverts or the sale of merchandise with conspiracy-theory motives.

“The way YouTube search algorithms work is not very transparent. We should be aware this powerful artificial intelligence is already making decisions for us, for example, if you choose to use ‘auto-play’. I think YouTube should take responsibility to ensure its users will find high-quality information if they search for scientific and biomedical terms, instead of being exposed to doubtful conspiracy videos,” argues Allgaier.

Scientists and YouTubers unite!

To counter the non-scientific content on YouTube, Allgaier, who recently spoke at the World Conference of Science Journalists about his work, suggests scientists and science communicators should take YouTube seriously as a platform for sharing scientific information.

“YouTube has an enormous reach as an information channel, and some of the popular science YouTubers are doing an excellent job at communicating complex subjects and reaching new audiences. Scientists could form alliances with science-communicators, politicians and those in popular culture in order to reach out to the widest-possible audience. They should speak out publicly about their research and be transparent in order to keep established trustful relationships with citizens and society.”