WATCH NOW: SEASON 3 PREMIERE OF REFINERY29’s SERIES
Style Out There
Refinery29 returns with season 3 of the award-winning video series, Style Out There. With over 23 million views over the last two seasons, host and journalist Connie Wang digs back into the way clothing has given women a way to speak out, look within, and identify the forces that limit their potential. Through these stories, Wang discovers the powerful way fashion illuminates social and political issues, ranging from the connection between sexy clothing and sexual assault to instances when cultural appropriation can actually be both useful and productive.
In episode one, Connie Wang explores the cultural phenomenon of Disneybounding. Despite Disney’s strict rules prohibiting adults from wearing costumes inside its theme parks, die-hard fans have found a creative way to nerd out with their clothing.
Episode One Highlights:
On What Draws Disneybounders to Disney’s Films and Theme Parks:
“I didn’t grow up speaking English, they would take me outside of class to teach me how to speak English and I felt like that was pretty much Ariel. She was not feeling really part of the Mer-world but not too much part of the human world. Her story to me was very like I get it, I’m in that in between space, I’m neither here nor there and that’s okay and I can be part of both worlds.” – Evette, Disneybounder
“Disney to me is selling a feeling of happiness and joy and magic and nostalgia. No matter how uncertain the world seems, Disney kinda stays constant and consistent.” – Chelsea, Disneybounder
“In a land of synthetic monuments, Disneybounders have found real reasons to share hope, friendships and fanny packs. If the world looks better through rose colored glasses, maybe I’ll grab a pair? Hey, those could go great with a piglet disneybound.” – Connie, Host
On Disney’s Growing Diversity:
“We’re going to see a queer prince one day. We’re going to see a Vietnamese, a Japanese, different parts of Asia we’re going to see a Latina princess from Puerto Rico, from Cuba, from South America. I feel like slowly we’re going to get there one day.” – Evette, Disneybounder
Style Out There will premiere new episodes every week on Refinery29’s YouTube channel, exploring Japanese Cholas subculture in Nagoya, the rise of Afrofuturism across the globe, the American Escaramuzas, and Jamaica’s dancehall queens.
Refinery29 is the leading media and entertainment company focused on women. Through a variety of lifestyle stories, original video programming, social, shareable content, and live experiences, Refinery29 provides its audience with the inspiration and tools to discover and pursue a more independent, stylish, and informed life. Please visit www.refinery29.com/en-us, www.refinery29.com/en-ca, www.refinery29.uk and www.refinery29.de for more information and to browse content.
A native of Seoul, South Korea, Young Bae’s childhood reads like a painful chapter of Oliver Twist. Using her innate talent – art – to overcome years of poverty, homelessness and abuse, Young managed to escape.
Young’s mom, an artist herself, was consistently unable to provide and care for her children and members of their community refused to volunteer assistance. Young recalls the cultural reaction to her family’s suffering with clarity,
“Korea is a materialistic country,” confides Young, now proprietor of the marquee Diamond Tattoos shop in New York City’s Times Square. “No matter how hard you work, it is hard to break away from poverty – nobody gives you an opportunity. If you’re poor, you’re poor for life. They treat the less fortunate like shit, hence I couldn’t talk to anybody about how I was living – not even my best friend. So I kept it all a secret, as best I could.”
Young did her best to mix in with other more privileged kids, even as she and her family moved around in church basements, abandoned houses and even a shipping container throughout her teenage years. “I may have been homeless with no money, but I was always fresh and fashionable,” says the self-taught tattoo queen has come a long way to now ink high-profile clientele and eager fans of the drama-filled show, “Black Ink.” “When my family didn’t have access to a shower I would clean up at public restrooms every morning. I’d also get hand-me-down-clothes from church and create my own fashions, or at least I tried to. My teachers suspected I was poor because there were things I couldn’t pay for, but for the most part I think I flew under the radar.”
She didn’t fly under the radar though when it came to her talent, her teachers and classmates acknowledged her ability to sketch, draw as well as paint. Young began receiving accolades for her fabrications, using the sales to buy basic necessities.
Young was able to land a partial academic scholarship to a college where she continued to hone her craft until she was ready to leave Korea.
“New York is an artist’s city,” says the Chugye University graduate, “so it just made sense.”
They say if you can make it in New York, you can make it anywhere and the bonafide hustler Young took the motto to heart. In 2007, the 22-year-old made a beeline for Koreatown in Manhattan, touching down with just $80 and a student visa to study English, she landed a job at a local nail salon.
Despite a language barrier, she wouldn’t stop there. Young continued job hunting, getting jobs at restaurants, jewelry shops, even illegally hawking her art in New York’s famed Union Square. All this to make her share of the rent for a small place with roommates in New Jersey.
On the way to the tattoo shop in NYC, the neon lights of New York City brightly shined on the other side of the Lincoln Tunnel.
Tattooing was illegal in South Korea so Young had no experience. “I walked in, took a look around at the tattoo sketches on the wall, and thought, hey, I could do this. So I offered the shop owners a barter: in exchange for giving me a shot I would clean their shop for free. They agreed.” With that, her apprenticeship commenced.
In no time, Young became confident in her skills and moved to another shop where she could demand a tattoo artist’s wages. Quickly becoming the most requested artist in the shop, Young decided look into owning and operating her own business.
“I rented this little ratty spot on 46th Street in Times Square. It was literally a storage room in the back of an eyebrow threading shop. I got licensed, worked like three additional jobs to afford the $1000/month overhead and scoured the area to find shelves, paint and other stuff to decorate. I upholstered my first tattoo chairs with fake leather I found on the street. Then every day I’d go hold up this human-sized sign advertising my shop, and miraculously people showed up. Eventually so many showed up, I quickly outgrew the space!”
With Young’s growing credibility and reputation among fellow artists throughout the tri-state area, it was no wonder that reality TV show producers eventually came calling.
“My shop might not have been the fanciest, but my work was good and news about me began to spread quickly. It kept getting bigger and busier every year,” she says.
Young was delighted to join VH1’s popular show “Black Ink Crew: New York” during its fifth season. Heading into its seventh season, Young Bae is a fascinating and loveable character to watch.
Through it all, Young gives God the credit for not just where she is today but where’s she’s headed, “I had faith that poverty, homelessness and abuse wouldn’t be the end of my story. I went through all of what I did so I could come out on top on the other end and eventually go on to help others who are vulnerable like I was. There is greatness waiting for us all and I’m determined to live and share my best life now.”
Currently, Young Bae is working on an athleisure line 2one2 and a book sharing her life experiences.
Additional information can be found on her wikipedia.
What does your usual day look like?
The most common script is that you wake up, take a shower, have your breakfast and leave for work. The other option is lying in bed until midday and enjoying your distanced work from home. However, it does not matter, which obligations you have, but it is important, which habits you have. If you have any of all possible unhealthy habits, it may be difficult for you to travel with family during your holidays or to go on business trips.
Today we would talk about possibilities to travel if your habit is vaping. If you are a long-termed vaper and cannot imagine your working day without using best vape pen (Vapingdaily gives helpful hints), you might be surprised when you would have to leave your device at home during traveling abroad. These prohibitions depend on the destination country laws, the rules of traveling adapted by your airline company and also on the type of device you use and the substance you vape. For example, even the best vape pen for weed regarding safety and security must be left at home, because in the country (or state), you travel to, marijuana or other substances are illicit.
It also happens that you have to leave your vape at home because of strict rules of airlines, but then you can buy new vape pens in any vape shop at your destination country (or state).
What are the rules of taking vaping devices to the plane?
The most evident rule is that you can never vape while being on the plane during your flight, but usually, you can bring your vaping device in the plane. The important point here is that it should not be in the checked bag, because all the batteries must be in special storage in the pressurized cabin. Some airlines may have additional peculiarities about carrying some types of e-cig or vaporizer pen. The policies of different airlines may vary, so read the policies carefully before you purchase the ticket. This may save your money and help to avoid conflicts or other possible unpleasant situations.
The other question is about e liquids and vapor juice for your pen vaporizer. You know that any airlines have limits to the amount of any liquid that you can take along with you. To minimize possible problems try to put the liquid into a special plastic container to facilitate the screening process. Do not forget that the dosage of allowed liquid may vary depending on the company.
What countries you would better fly without vaping devices and why?
The short list of countries, where using vape pen may turn sour, is:
To exemplify, a traveler caught with pen vaporizer can get sentenced up to 10 years behind bars. Lebanon, India, Vietnam and some other countries impose harsh penalties on those, who vape. Vaping is strictly banned there.
The fact is that we know very little about laws on vaping in our country, not to say about the countries we have never been to. There is plenty of either country, where vaping is illegal, and you can get a fine, or being put into prison. So find a couple of minutes to google the legislation of the country of your destination.
In 2011 not only the process of vaping is banned, but also essential, transferring, selling or buying of even those vape pens, which contain no nicotine was banned in Argentina. If you have a trip to this country, better leave you vape at home. To continue the theme of South America, the production and sales of electronic cigarettes are illegal in Brazil since 2014.
One of the most popular countries for holidays is Egypt. Electronic cigarettes are banned there for already four years. Border patrol agent can commandeer your device at customs.
Talking about Asia, you would have to pay from $300 to $500 if you use any type of vaporizer pen in the areas, where smoking is forbidden, since 2010 in Brunei. To talk business, the government does not regulate the ability of personal use of vape pens, but people advise not to take your device to this country. One cannot be too careful.
In Singapore, the fines are much higher. The first offense will cost you about $4000 or more. In Cambodia, the government banned vaping in 2014. In India, though e-cigs are forbidden only in six states (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab, Jammu, and Kashmir). In some of these states, police can force you to pay a fine, but in some, they can get you into prison as well. Some states in Malaysia also have particular bans on vaping. It is illegal in public buildings, gas stations, etc. The fine might rich $2000, or you can get into prison for up to 2 years. In Jordan, any type of e-cig (even those, which contain no nicotine) is under a ban since 2009.
As for Europe, you cannot transfer, sell or purchase any of the products, which contain nicotine in Norway. The only exception is a medical note, which proves that you need an e-cig to give up smoking. On the contrary, the Netherlands are famous for the ability to smoke anything. They sell weed in cakes, as cigs, and in many other forms. Therefore, this is the country, where you can use drugs, surely, if you stick to the dosages allowed.
As a conclusion, we have pointed out several tips for traveling with vapes. They are:
Demount your vaporizer pen before the trip. You have to put different parts of it into some plastic bags or something because not all the constituents are allowed to be taken in the checked bag. This means you would better clean them, not to make your clothes dirty or sticky.
Check how much of e-liquid you can take according to the policy of your airlines. It is better to use several bottles because one can be broken or spilled during the flight or inspections at the airport.
Check the expiry date of all the substances you need and check if you put your charger with you. Also, it is better to google the location of vape shops in the area of your hotel.
You must pack all the batteries into special packs. This rule is extremely strict-followed in all the airline’s companies.
Check the laws of the country you travel to once again. It is better to read more than to spend two years in an Asian prison.
About the author:
Christina Matthews, the journalist who studies the latest news in the health industry. Now she studies the effects of smoking and vaping on health and reasons for such its popularity.
HAKKASAN GROUP REVEALS 2019 POOL SEASON OPENING DATES
World-Renown Hospitality Company to Launch Famed Pool Parties at Top Daylife Destinations
Global hospitality company Hakkasan Group heats up the Las Vegas daylife landscape with the announcement of its highly anticipated 2019 pool season opening date of Friday, March 8. Highlights of Vegas’ summer season is signaled by epic pool parties played by award-winning DJs including Calvin Harris, Tiësto, Zedd, Steve Aoki, Martin Garrix and more at the internationally recognized destinations WET REPUBLIC Ultra Pool at MGM Grand Hotel & Casino and LIQUID Pool Lounge at ARIA Resort & Casino.
Recognized around the world for its unmatchable pool scene, famed champagne showers and roster of high-caliber artists, WET REPUBLIC will welcome revelers to another legendary season launching its summer vision “A Pool Party Like No Other.”
Coming off a successful 2018 season where WET REPUBLIC served endless amounts of champagne and was the go-to spot for bachelor and bachelorette parties, party-goers this year will experience why Vegas’ ultimate pool party is like no other as it welcomes its 12thseason and the most epic one yet.
Bathing suit-clad crowds are invited to bask poolside in two large pools and six private dipping pools. Guests can relax in spacious daybeds conveniently positioned to soak up the best rays throughout the day, escape with one of the 12 VIP luxurious Bungalows and ten deluxe Cabanas decked out with plush offerings including couches, giant flat screen TVs, ceiling fans, misters, personal model servers, premium bottle service, and more. DJs perform in close distance to the 4,100-square-foot sundeck, offering guests a perfect view from every angle.Complimentary Wi-Fi is also offered throughout WET REPUBLIC to capture all the Instagram-worthy moments.
Additionally, in true WET REPUBLIC fashion, guests can expect enhanced one-of-a-kind poolside bottle presentations hosted by a posse of model servers. Guests who order bottle service will be greeted with the fuss of a themed presentation paired with champagne showers and customized signage. To accompany the extensive mixology menu with signature cocktails like the Pool Bunny, Wet Splash and Rainstorm, guests can dine on sophisticated poolside menu offerings including Kobe Beef Sliders, Soft Tacos and Shrimp Cocktail, as well as shareable party platters ranging from Assorted Sushi Rolls to Buckets of Chicken Tenders and more.
Just down the iconic Strip, LIQUID, invites pool-goers to sun-soaked events all season long. Guests will enjoy VIP dipping pools, refreshing cocktails and an incredible talent lineup. Upon arrival, loungers can sink into one of LIQUID’s private cabanas, daybeds or deck tables surrounded by energetic sounds spun by highly-sought after DJs.
Hakkasan Group Pool Opening Weekend Schedule:
WET REPUBLIC Ultra Pool at MGM Grand Hotel & Casino
Friday, March 8
Saturday, March 9
Sunday, March 10
LIQUID Pool Lounge at ARIA Resort & Casino
Friday, March 8
Saturday, March 9
Sunday, March 10
For the full lineup and to purchase tickets, visit wet.re/buytickets .
ABOUT HAKKASAN GROUP
Hakkasan Group is a worldwide hospitality company with establishments across North America, Europe, Middle East, Asia and Africa. Its namesake is taken from its Michelin star restaurant that set the high-level standard for the group’s collection of diverse brands. Its ‘brand first’ philosophy builds restaurant, nightlife, daylife and soon-to-open hotels, resorts and residences into world-class hospitality brands, all with a focus on service, design, innovation and experience. Its restaurant portfolio includes Hakkasan, with 12 locations worldwide, Ling Ling, Yauatcha, Sake no Hana, Herringbone and Searsucker. Under the nightlife umbrella is Hakkasan, OMNIA, JEWEL and 1 OAK Nightclub; and daylife brands include WET REPUBLIC, LIQUID, and OMNIA. For more information, visit our website or connect with us on Facebook Twitter and Instagram @hakkasangroup.
It’s not just men who love adventure and trailblazing into the unknown. Yet for some reason it’s men who’ve gained the notoriety of being explorers and adventurers, with the history books filled with pages of their exploits. But women aren’t the wallflowers they’ve been represented as through the years. Women, in both past and the present, have traveled from one end of the globe to the other using horses, cars, ships, planes, and trains. Today women are celebrating women…and all their accomplishments. And why wouldn’t being pioneers of travel be on the list of these achievements?
Most of these female explorers are forgotten when we look at those who have travelled into new territories and gone on amazing adventures around the world. Yet women have been travelling for thousands of years, with evidence going back as far as the 4th century. The earliest mention of a woman traveling is from 381 A.D. when the Abbess of Egeria travelled on foot up Mount Sinai. Her pilgrimage diary outlines her thoughts and experiences from those many years ago.
In the 19th century, wealthy Victorian women began to travel for many reasons, both personal and political. Still others travelled to locations around the world where they felt they could make a difference, engaging in the missionary work that men didn’t have time for. Many women travelled so they could research other cultures, writing books about their adventures. And not only did women travel to see the world, many are known for their efforts to advance feminism, leading the way for other women to follow in their footsteps.
From 1871 to 1885 Marianne North, a British naturalist and painter, travelled to six different continents where she painted flowers and plants. She voyaged by ship to South America, Asia, and Africa…travelling on her own when she couldn’t find a “satisfactory companion” to pursue her passion of painting the different flora around the world. Her paintings and letters to friends about her travel experiences are a great narrative of what travel was like for a solo female traveller.
Another well known explorer in the early 1900s was Gertrude Bell, who travelled all around Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. As a writer and an archaeologist, her books give women today a clear picture of what it was like to travel to foreign countries.
“All the earth is seamed with roads, and all the sea is furrowed with the tracks of ships, and over all the roads and all the waters a continuous stream of people passes up and down – travelling, as they say, for their pleasure. What is it, I wonder, that they go out to see?” – Gertrude Bell.
It’s easy to see that women throughout history have travelled for the same reason we do today – for adventure and to satisfy our curiosity to see the world. Spread across the years, we’re highlighting seven of the most influential and trailblazing women in travel. With their unique backgrounds, and their drive and determination, they’re a true inspiration for women around the globe.
JAPANESE CITIES OF TOKYO, KYOTO AND OSAKA RECOGNIZED WITH CONDÉ NAST TRAVELER’S 2018 READERS’ CHOICE AWARD
Condé Nast Traveler magazine today announced the results of its 31st annual Readers’ Choice Awards, including the “The Best Cities in the World: Best Big Cities” list, featuring the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Kyoto and Osaka ranked as #1, #2, and #12, respectively.
“This wonderful recognition of three of Japan’s most prominent cities demonstrates the continued interest in Japan as a top destination among North American travelers,” stated Naohito Ise, Executive Director of the New York Office of the Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO). “JNTO will continue to work to inspire travelers to visit even more destinations throughout the country, both within these popular cities as well as to more lesser-known regions.”
The Condé Nast Traveler Readers’ Choice Awards are the longest-running and most prestigious recognition of excellence in the travel industry and are commonly known as “the best of the best of travel.”
One of the most popular cities in the world, Japan’s capital city of Tokyo is a thriving center of culture and the hub of innovation where visitors travel with endless opportunities for diverse activities. In June 2018, Tokyo saw the opening of the world’s first digital museum, the MORI Building DIGITAL ART MUSEUM, bringing three-dimensional art to life in collaboration with renowned art collective group teamLab. On October 11, 2018, Tokyo’s world-famous 80-year-old Tsukiji Market will move into an entirely new space in Toyosu.
Two hours via bullet train from Tokyo, Kyoto, the former capital of Japan, offers rich history throughout the city and continues to be a favorite destination among travelers. In 2019, Kyoto will welcome many highly anticipated hotel openings, including the Ace Hotel and the Park Hyatt Kyoto. Even more, in June 2018, Kyoto City Tourism Association launched a new multi-language service to make restaurant bookings easier for incoming travelers, allowing tourists to make reservations and prepay at restaurants in Kyoto.
The second largest metropolitan area in Japan, Osaka offers modern attractions and classic landmarks throughout the region. Home to Osaka Castle, Shitennoji Temple, Universal Studios Japan, a rich local food scene and abundant nightlife offerings, Osaka has something for every traveler.
The results of the Readers’ Choice Awards will be published in the November 2018 issue of Condé Nast Traveler, on newsstands nationwide on October 16, 2018. The full list is available online at www.CNTraveler.com/rca.
ABOUT JAPAN NATIONAL TOURISM ORGANIZATION (JNTO):
As the official tourism board of Japan, JNTO is involved in a wide range of promotional activities to encourage international travelers to visit Japan. Through a variety of campaigns and initiatives, JNTO is inspiring more American travelers to visit Tokyo, Kyoto and beyond, and is raising awareness of Japan.
About Condé Nast Traveler
As the most discerning, up-to-the-minute voice in all things travel, Condé Nast Traveler is the global citizen’s bible and muse, offering both inspiration and vital intel. Condé Nast Traveler is the most trusted and celebrated name in travel with 6 National Magazine Award wins and 26 nominations in its 30-year history. www.cntraveler.com
RELEASES CINEMATIC MUSIC VIDEO “TEACH YOU”
STREAM & PURCHASE “TEACH YOU” HERE
Cosmopolitan describes “Teach You” as a “delightfully frothy film noir-style video.”
Los Angeles, CA – Pop Phenomena, Tiffany Young, has announced the release of her highly anticipated single and music video for “Teach You.” This single effortlessly paints a vivid movie-like picture with its lyrics, and the video brings that cinematic vision to life. “It’s a theatrical piece where I was able to bring different versions of myself to all the sections of the song,” says Tiffany. The video skyrocketed to almost 500k within the first 10 hours of its release, with the single landing a #2 spot on the iTunes K-Pop Chart.
MTV noted; “…And it should come as no surprise that the K-Pop queen is serving glamour while warning future suitors with a sly smile, “if you mess with me you get hurt.”
Tiffany has been causing pandemonium across her large social media following and dedicated fanbase, with multiple teasers leading up to this release. With cameos from Hyoyeon and Sooyoung of Girls’ Generation, the video for “Teach You” is set to make an even louder splash worldwide. “I’m excited for the fans to see it,” Tiffany joyfully states.
“From the moment the first otherworldly trill bounces in, we are instantly pulled by the collar into Young’s world. The unearthly synths whizzing around make for a hypnotic introduction, and when the punchy clicks of the beats drops in, the unlikely pair satisfyingly meld into a rich texture.” says Earmilk.
Co-written by Tiffany, “Teach You” is filled with self awareness when dealing with toxic relationships. “It’s all about noticing the wrong signs in a relationship and letting the ladies know it’s okay to stand up for yourself. “If you mess with me you’ll get hurt,” that lyric embodies the song as a whole. It’s a fun song with a deeper meaning.
In the modern world, our first approach to treating an illness is to find the most suitable pharmaceutical drug, which we typically get either over-the-counter or on prescription. However, while these medicines are normally effective, they can unlock a whole new box of issues, including dependency and side effects.
Becoming reliant on medication can be mentally unsettling, and nasty side effects like nausea and dizziness typically require further treatment, leaving patients on a cocktail of pharmaceutical-grade drugs before they know it.
In the case of opioid painkillers, dependency may even be life-threatening, with the risk of overdose frighteningly high. In 2016, abuse of prescription opioid painkillers and recreational opiates accounted for more than 40,000 US lives, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
This cycle of illness, drugs, side effects and more drugs is wearing thin with many, and combined with the new wave of medical cannabis science, a clear divide has formed between those who favor prescription drugs, and those who’d rather take natural, plant-based medicines.
From a historical perspective, medicinal cannabis use makes perfect sense, with the herb being used for millennia across the world, but particularly in Africa and Asia.
Technological advancements have greatly developed our knowledge of cannabis, and scientists now know which compounds are responsible for various effects. For example, the psychoactive “high” mostly comes from a therapeutic cannabinoid called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, numerous other cannabinoids have medicinal properties, sans the hallucinogenic effects.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most studied and seemingly most useful non-intoxicating cannabinoid, and the market for CBD products has exploded in the 2010s, thanks in part to the relaxation of laws surrounding non-psychoactive hemp.
CBD over opioids
Opioid-based painkillers like Tramadol are now regularly prescribed for chronic pain, with stronger synthetic drugs such as fentanyl available on prescription for the most extreme discomfort. These drugs are designed to interact with opioid receptors in the opioid system. The pain relief from these drugs is substantial, however sustained use leads to increased tolerance, stronger doses and addiction.
However, CBD may be helpful for chronic patients, and also those who have ended up dependent on opioids, as the cannabinoid seems to exhibit anti-addiction properties by interfering with pleasure-reward mechanisms.
By elevating concentrations of anandamide in the body, CBD is promoting a neurotransmitter that works to ease both physical and mental pain. How CBD tackles addiction is less clear, but some evidence indicates that CBD is active in the opioid system.
Not all pain is the same – for example, some chronic pain is persistent and always at a similar intensity, whereas the worst effects of inflammatory and neuropathic pain tend to come from flare-ups.
For internal neuropathic pain, CBD vape oil and e-liquid treatment is ideal, because the relief comes very quickly. Meanwhile, lingering pain is economically and perhaps more efficiently managed by orally-consumed CBD products (e.g. capsules, edibles, coffee).
Experimenting with gels, creams and balms infused with cannabis or CBD is a novel method of coping with localized pain. These ensure that the cannabinoid receptors in the affected area are directly activated.
CBD: the new anti-inflammatory drug?
Immune system response is still not well that understood, and this has made it difficult to control. Researchers have struggled to find ways of influencing inflammation, but studies into the endocannabinoid system have found that immune system response is accessible via cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). Endocannabinoids look to signal a stoppage in inflammation, after a wound has fully healed or an infection is neutralized.
This discovery may be crucial, as the current leading class of anti-inflammatories (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs) are known to cause concerning side effects, including stomach ulcers.
The best CBD product for inflammation depends, unsurprisingly on the type of inflammation. Internal conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which could be exacerbated by endocannabinoid deficiency, respond well to both CBD vape juice and CBD edibles, or even tincture oils.
For osteoarthritis, a form of inflammation which affects the joints, CBD creams and other topicals are likely to produce better results.
CBD’s promise as an antidepressant
Cannabinoid research is providing genuine hope for antidepressant researchers, after decades of stagnation in medication development. The current situation with depression medicine is far from ideal, with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) slow to show benefits – for up to 40 percent of patients, these drugs may not even work at all. And then there are the side effects to contend with, which range from drowsiness to impotence. Depersonalization and derealization have also been anecdotally reported with SSRIs.
However, a glut of promising studies on CBD and the brain have found that the ECS could be important in correcting off-balance brain chemistry. The CB1 receptor modulates many variables, mood being one, and the bond between anandamide and this receptor is important for good mental wellbeing. Factors outside of the ECS also affect mood, but the potency of anandamide as an antidepressant makes the link with the CB1 receptor an essential one.
Some of the most exciting research on cannabinoids has been on their neuroprotective and neurogenesis properties. Studies on the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex and cannabinoid treatments, which are associated with depression, have demonstrated that CBD is able to repair these regions of the brain, by restoring neuronal circuitry and helping to form new brain cells.
A 2018 study on rats carried out in Brazil showed that CBD was effective from the first treatment and for up to seven days after the last dose at blocking synaptic proteins which damage neuronal circuitry in the prefrontal cortex. Meanwhile, CBD-initiated neurogenesis in the hippocampus helps to regrow the brains of adult rats with depression. These results have not yet been replicated in humans, but rats are used for such studies because their brains are similar to humans. General memories and our autobiographical memory are stored in the hippocampus.
The only CBD products that aren’t suitable for managing depression are topicals, as the cannabinoids remain in the skin, and do not reach the brain.